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Tsum Valley Trekking

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The word Tsum comes from the Tibetan word Tsombo which means vivid. The valley comprises of local belonging to Tibetan origin and practice Bon religion.  The Buddhist history of Tsum valley dates back to few centuries. The Buddhist saint named Milarepa is believed to have meditated in the caves here. The ancient remains of Tsum valley can still be seen dotted in the area. Due to its isolated location and inaccessibility to road, the people here have surpassed the mainstream development. As a consequence the ancient and unique cultural practice of the valley has managed to remain close.

Tsum Valley trek is a well-known holy Himalayan pilgrimage destination is situated in the Gorkha district in the northern part of Manaslu Himal in Nepal- Tibet border and is opened for trekking since 2008. Also known as the hidden valley; Tsum valley has scattered Gompas, Chortens and Mani walls. Tsum valley trek goes up to the Valley of Budhi Gandaki River making our way through raw and pristine land settled by Gurung ethnic people in the lap of regal Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal, Buddha Himal through dense forest and terraced fields. The area is equally blessed with ancient art, culture and unique religion practice.

This one of a kind trekking trip begins from Kathmandu. We ACTUAL ADVENTURE will provide you with easy and comfortable transportation system such as to make this trip of yours a most cherished one.

Day 1: Kathmandu Arrival

As soon as you land on the Tribhuwan International Airport our representative will pick you and transfer to the hotel. In the evening there will be briefing about the trek.

Day 2: Drive to Arughat Bazaar                

Early in the morning following the Trishuli River we drive towards the historic city of Gorkha. From Gorkha we will leave the main road and enter into a bumpy and dusty which ultimately takes us to Arughat in the Budi Gandaki Valley. Rarely the road to Arughat faces blockage so we may have to vary the route for the initial few days of our trek.

Day 3: Trek to Soti Khola; 6-7hours

Enjoying the astonishing view of Shringri Himal we will trek through different Gurung and Magar villages to our camping site in the banks of Soti Khola.

Day 4: Trek to Machha Khola; 6-7hours

Leaving Soti Khola behind us we will trek to our camping site in the village of Machha Khola which is situated just above the stream.

Day 5: Trek to Dobhan; 6-7hours

Making our way through some steep ascents and descents we will trek to Dobhan. Dobhan is situated at the meeting point of Shiar Khola which flows from the east and Sarpu Khola which flows from the west.

Day 6: Trek to Philim(1550m); 6hours

From Dobhan the trail goes through the rocky trail from the middle of small trees offering the magnificent panorama of Sringri himal to our camping site in the village of Philim. Philim is a large Gurung village having the fields of corn and millet. The area has several campsites surrounded by alder, blue pine and poplar trees.

Day 7: Trek to Chumling( Lower Tsum); 7hours

From Philim the trail heads up over the ridge to Ganesh Himal Base Camp and then Chumling( Lower Tsum). Stay overnight at Chumling.

Day 8: Trek to Chhokangparo( Upper Tsum); 5-6hours

From Chumling we will make our way to Chhokangparo( Upper Tsum). Upper Tsum valley opens from Chhokangparo. Chhokangparo is a small village placed on flat land and is made up of two villages Chhekam and Paro. The village offers the magnificent view of Ganesh Himal in the south and Buddha Himal and Hiunchuli in the south west. Some families in this village practice polyandry.

Day 9: Trek to Nile/ Chhule, visit Milarepa Piren Phu cave in the way; 6-7hours

From Chhokangparo we will trek to Nile/ Chulle which is situated in the western side of Shiar Khola. This is the last village in the upper Tsum valley.

On the way we will visit Piren Phu cave which is also one of the holiest caves in the Tsum valley. The cave is located in the foot of rocky cliff near the village of Burji. A famous Tibetan saint name Milarepa was believed to have meditated here. The area has two separate gumbas added to the rocky cave which have Buddhist murals painted, excellent artistic scripts carved on stones, long prayer flags and significant Buddhist paper scripts making this cave socio-cultural asset in the valley. The cave offers mind-boggling view of Shiar Khola, Rachen Gumba and beautiful settlements in the middle of vast agricultural land.

Day 10: Trek to Mu Gompa(3700m); visit Dhephyudonma Gompa(4060m); 4hours

From Nile the trail gently goes uphill to Mu gompa which is the largest monastery in the region. The gompa is located in the highest and farthest ridge of Tsum valley. Situated the altitude of 3510m the gompa was built in 1895AD. The monastery has religious books including Kangyur, a grand statue of Avalokiteshwara and images of Guru Padmasambhava and Tara.

On the way to Mu Gompa we will visit Dephyudonma Gompa which is one of the oldest monasteries in Tsum valley and is situated in the midst of Rocky Mountains at the distance of 2hour walk from the village of Chhule and Nile. The history of this monastery is associated with the dawn of Buddhism in the valley. The monastery is run by Lama Serap and Nile Ladrang belonging to Kangin sect.

Day 11: Extra day for exploration in the area

From Mu Gompa we will hike to the base of Pika Himal(4865m). the area is pretty close of Tibet and offers the astounding view of Tibetan peaks as well as Ganesh Himal range. After exploring the area we will return to our camping site in Mu gompa.

Day 12: Trek to Rachen Gompa; 5hours

From Mu Gompa we will trek to Rachen Gompa which is nunnery. The Gompa is situated in Shiar Khola Valley in the lap of mountains bordering Nepal and Tibet. Established in 1905AD Rachen Gompa is one of the largest nunneries in the Tsum valley. The nunnery has nuns belonging to Ngak-pa sect and does not allow killing of animals. The nunnery has clay moulded statues of Avalokiteshwara, brightly colored carved throne, a pillar and a large prayer wheel. The interior of nunnery is painted with murals of Buddhism and its history.

Day 13: Trek to Dumje; 6-7hours

From Rachen Gompa we will make our way to our camping site in the small village of Dumje.

Day 14: Trek to Philim via Ripchet; 6-7hours

From Dumje we will trek to Philim via Ripchet. On the way we will pass through one of the most beautiful waterfalls of Samba lingding Chhupyant in the Lower Tsum Valley.

Day 15: Trek to Tatopani; 6-7hours

Leaving Philim behind us we will trek to Tatopani which is hot water spring. In hot water we can relieve our tired muscles.

Day 16: Trek to Soti Khola; 6-7hours

Making our way through terraced fields and tropical waterfalls we will trek to our camping site in the village of Soti Khola.

Day 17: Trek to Arughat Bazaar; 6-7hours

From Soti Khola the trail drops down to Arughat Bazaar which is the last point of the journey.

Day 18: from Arughat Bazaar we will drive back to Kathmandu.

Day 19: Farewell

You will be transferred to Tribhuwan International airport for your onward journey.

Stay Safe

  • Altitude Sickness: The main and common risk while trekking above about 2500m is Altitude sickness. Altitude sickness is caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude. The available amount of oxygen to sustain mental and physical alertness decreases with altitude. Available oxygen drops as the air density itself, the number of molecules (of both oxygen and nitrogen) per given volume, drops as altitude increases. So don’t ignore, if you have any symptoms then descending to a lower altitude is the only option.
  • Water: Have some means to purify water, iodine or a fine ceramic filter are the best options. The streams should be considered polluted and whilst bottled water is often available, the disposal of plastic bottles is a problem.

Electricity in Nepal

Nepal is a developing country, Outside of major cities area electricity on trekking can be scares. You should have to pay 100-800 NRs per hour to charge goods on many lodges and also many tea-house treks, including in Annapurna base camp trek, Everest Base camp trek and many others treks also. Chargers often won't work on low power solar systems you find right up in the mountains so u can buy alternative bayonet light to electricity power plug converter, which will only works in low voltage is highlow. The standard Nepalese electrical outlet is a three-pronged triangle so bring three-pronged triangle chargers.

Nepal Climate information

Nepal is a landlocked country which lies in Hindu Kush Himalayan region. Nepal has monsoonal climate having four main seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.

Below is a general guide to conditions at different seasons:
January to March (winter): In this season temperature will decrease at often 0°C (32°F) at night, with extreme cold at high elevations. It is possible to trek in places like the Everest region during the winter but due to extreme cold weather and heavy snow fall it may be quite difficult than as usual.
April to June (summer): In these months it is quite warm and dry weather. There is an abundance of blooming flowers in the Himalayas at this time, with rhododendrons, in particular, adding a splash of color to the landscape. This season is the best time to undertake mountain expeditions.
June to September (Monsoon): There will be heavy monsoonal rainfall in this season. Rains are generally lighter in high Himalayan reasons. In this season the mountain ranges are not often visible due to the clouds.
October to December (autumn): These months are cool and clear which is due to the end of monsoon, there is little dust in the air so this is the best season to visit the hilly and mountainous regions.

Nepal Visas information

Visa in Nepal can be acquired on arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu and also at the border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki border of Nepal - India and Kodari on Nepal-China border. Visa can also acquire at the nearest Nepal Embassy. For visa renewal purpose you can contact at Department of Immigration, Kalikasthan at Kathmandu. A valid passport and one passport -size photo with a light background is required. Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in the following currency: Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar and Japanese Yen. Credit card, Indian currency and Nepali currency are not accepted as payment of visa fee.

Visa Facility         Duration       Fee
Multiple entry       15 days          US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry       30 days          US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry       90 days          US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

Respect to Local Peoples

In Nepal, “Namaste” or “Namaskar” is said to an older or high-status person with palms together, figure up. It is used to greet a person in place of goodbye or hello. There is no limitation how many times you say “Namaste” but, it is better if you say once per person, per day. If You want to say “Thank You” then you can say “Dhanyabaad /'ðɅnjɅbɑ:d/ (Dhan-ya-baad)” 

Route Map:

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