3rd May, 2023
The 20 Highest Mountains in The World
Here is a comprehensive list of the 20 highest mountains in the world:
Table of Contents
Mount Everest (Nepal) – 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft) Mount Everest This had to be the first choice on the list. Also known locally as Sagarmatha, Mount Everest or the highest mountain in the world is also the most popular one. Towering high on an elevation of 8,849 meters above sea level, Mount Everest was first climbed by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. Ever since its formation between 20 to 30 million years ago, it has not only been a source of adventure for many aspiring mountaineers but also a source of income for a major part of the Nepalese population, especially the Sherpas. 2. K2 (Pakistan administered Kashmir and China administered Kashmir) – 8,610 m (28,250 ft)
K2 Mountain - 8,610 m (28,250 ft)
K2 Mountain At an elevation of 8,611 meters above sea level, K2 is the world’s 2nd highest mountain. Lying in the Karakoram Range, K2 is known for its raw magnetic natural beauty that leaves every mountaineer stunned at first sight. As compared to Everest, K2 is a much trickier mountain to navigate through and requires some serious mountaineering skills to climb. The first ascent was made in 1954 by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli despite the rough, challenging and constantly changing terrain and weather conditions.
Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, with an elevation of 8,586 meters (28,169 ft). It is located on the border between Nepal and India's Sikkim state, in the eastern Himalayas. Kangchenjunga is known for its challenging climbing routes, and it has a reputation for being one of the most difficult peaks in the world to climb. The first ascent was made by a British expedition led by Joe Brown and George Band in 1955. Since then, there have been numerous successful ascents, but the mountain remains a formidable challenge for even the most experienced climbers.
Lhotse is the fourth tallest mountain in the world, towering at an impressive height of 8,516 meters above sea level. Nestled in the majestic Himalayas of Nepal, its northern end is in close proximity to the famous Mount Everest. In 1956, Lhotse was first conquered by a Swedish mountaineer, sparking the interest and admiration of countless climbers since then. What makes Lhotse particularly intriguing is the base camp's location on a constantly shifting glacier, perched at an elevation of 5,200 meters above sea level. Makalu, located in Nepal and Tibet, follows closely behind at 8,463 meters (27,766 feet) tall.
Makalu is the world's fifth-highest mountain, standing at an elevation of 8,485 meters above sea level. This peak has a unique 4-sided pyramid shape and is situated in an isolated location. It was first climbed in 1954 during a year marked by many mountaineering expeditions. Due to its rare topographical features, Makalu is considered one of the most challenging 8-thousanders to climb, even for experienced mountaineers. The Gurung, Rai, Sherpa, and Bhotia tribes that reside in the area add a rich cultural element to the climbing experience, making it more immersive.
Located on the border between Nepal and Tibet, Cho Oyu stands at a height of 8,188 meters above sea level. It is the sixth highest mountain in the world and has been nicknamed the "Turquoise Goddess" due to the stunning turquoise color of its ice formations. Cho Oyu is considered one of the easier 8,000-meter peaks to climb, making it a popular destination for mountaineers seeking to summit a high peak. The first ascent of Cho Oyu was made in 1954 by an Austrian expedition led by Joseph Jöchler.
Located in the central part of Nepal, Dhaulagiri stands at a height of 8,167 meters above sea level. It is the seventh highest mountain in the world and is known for its challenging and technically difficult climbing routes. The first ascent of Dhaulagiri was made in 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian expedition led by Max Eiselin.
Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world, standing at a height of 8,163 meters above sea level. Located in the Gorkha district of Nepal, Manaslu is part of the Nepalese Himalayas and is considered one of the more challenging peaks to climb. The first ascent of Manaslu was made in 1956 by a Japanese expedition led by Toshio Imanishi.
Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) - 8,126 m (26,660 ft)
Located in the Himalayas in Pakistan, Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain in the world and is known for its steep, rocky terrain. It is also known as the "Killer Mountain" due to the high number of deaths that have occurred on its slopes. The first ascent of Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) – 8,126 m (26,660 ft) Nanga Parbat Nanga Parbat is the 9th highest mountain in the world summiting at a height of 8,126 meters above sea level. The mountain is located immediately in the southeastern end of the northernmost bend of the Indus River in Gilgit – the Baltistan region of Pakistan. Locally known as Diamer, literally meaning naked mountain, this major peak rises dramatically above the traditional Himalayan views. It has been nicknamed as the ‘killer mountain’ due to the number of fatalities since it is one of the most difficult mountains to climb. Nanga Parbat was made in 1953 by an Austrian/German expedition led by Hermann Buhl.
Annapurna I is the tenth highest mountain in the world, standing at a height of 8,091 meters above sea level. Located in Nepal, it is part of the Annapurna massif and is known for its deadly avalanches and difficult climbing routes. The first ascent of Annapurna I was made in 1950 by a French expedition led by Maurice Herzog.
Gasherbrum – (8,080 m)
Gasherbrum is a group of peaks located in the Karakoram mountain range, also known as K5. Its name means "shining wall," and it is the fifth-highest mountain in the range, standing at 8,080 meters above sea level. Gasherbrum is one of the least climbed 8,000-meter peaks in the world due to its extreme remoteness. The only way to access it is through the center of the Karakoram mountain range, the second tallest mountain range in the world.
K4 (Gasherbrum II) – (8,080 m)
K4, also known as Gasherbrum II, is the 13th highest mountain in the world. It stands at 8,035 meters above sea level and was first climbed in 1956 by a group of Austrian expedition teams. K4 is part of the Karakoram mountain range and is also the third-highest member in the Gasherbrum group of peaks.
Broad Peak – (8,051 m)
Broad Peak, also known as K3, is the second-highest mountain in the world, standing at 8,051 meters above sea level. It borders Pakistan and China and is located within the Karakoram mountain range, 8 km away from K2. Broad Peak is a part of the Gasherbrum massif in Baltistan and has a summit area of 1.5 km, which gave it its name.
Shishapangma – (8,027 m)
Shishapangma is the 14th highest peak in the world, standing entirely in the Tibetan region. It is considered to be the perfect first 8,000-meter peak for beginners due to its gentle ascent and short base camp approach. It stands at 8,027 meters above sea level, and the best time to climb it is during the spring season.
Gyachung Kang – (7,952 m)
Gyachung Kang is the 15th highest peak in the world, located in the Mahalangur Himal section of the Himalayas between Cho Oyu and Mount Everest. Although it does not belong to the 8,000-meter group of peaks, it is the highest mountain in the world that is not one. It was first climbed by a Japanese expedition group in 1964.
Annapurna II – (7,937 m)
Annapurna II is the 16th highest peak in the world, located in Nepal's Annapurna mountain range. It forms the range's eastern anchor and is the second-highest peak in the range. It was first climbed in 1960 by a British, Indian, and Nepalese team of mountaineers. Annapurna II is known for its massive avalanches, rock falls, and regular storms.
Gasherbrum IV – (7,925 m)
Gasherbrum IV, also known as K4, is the 17th highest peak in the world and the sixth-highest in Pakistan. It stands at a height of 7,925 meters above sea level and was first summited in 1958. The rest of the Gasherbrum group of peaks belongs to the 8,000-meter group and is considered equally challenging.
Himalchuli – (7,893 m)
Himalchuli is a mountain located in the Himalayas in Nepal. It has an elevation of 7,893 meters (25,896 feet) and is the 18th highest mountain in the world. Himalchuli is part of the Manaslu Himal, a subrange of the Himalayas, and is located in the central part of Nepal.
Himalchuli is a challenging peak for mountaineers, with its steep ridges and technical routes. It was first climbed in 1960 by a Japanese expedition team, and since then, there have been many successful climbs to the summit. However, the mountain remains a challenging and remote destination for climbers, with fewer attempts compared to other higher peaks in the Himalayas.
Distaghil Sar – (7,885 m)
Distaghil Sar is a mountain located in the Karakoram Range, which is part of the Himalayas and is located on the border between Pakistan and China. With an elevation of 7,885 meters (25,869 feet), it is the 19th highest mountain in the world.
Distaghil Sar is known for its steep ridges and difficult climbing routes, making it a challenging peak for mountaineers. It was first climbed in 1960 by a Japanese expedition team, and since then, there have been several successful climbs to the summit. However, the mountain is considered a remote and difficult destination for climbers, with fewer attempts compared to other higher peaks in the Karakoram Range.
In recent years, there has been an increase in interest from mountaineers to climb Distaghil Sar, as it offers a unique and challenging experience with stunning views of the surrounding peaks and landscapes.
Nuptse – (7,861 m)
Nuptse Located 2kms west southwest of Mount Everest, Nuptse is a peak that is a part of the Khumbu region of the Mahalangur Himal range that is a part of the Nepalese Himalayas. Being the western segment of the Lhotse Nuptse massif, Nuptse in Tibetan translates to the western peak. The main mountain called Nuptse 1 was climbed in 1961. The dramatic peak offers astounding views of the nearby and far-off mountain ranges that goes on as far as the eyes can see. Nuptse mountain peak stands tall at a height of 7,861 meters above sea level, Nuptse offers sustained climbing options and is never too difficult or challenging for beginners and expert climbers.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. Which is the highest mountain in Europe?
Ans. Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Europe at a height of 5,642 meters above sea level.
Q. Which mountain is taller than Mount Everest?
Ans. Mauna Kea is a mountain that is taller than Mount Everest.
Q. What are the fees for climbing Mount Everest?
Ans. The fees for climbing mount Everest ranges from 28,000 dollars to 85,000 dollars.
Q. Which is the tallest mountain in America?
Ans. Denali peak is the highest mountain in America.
Q. Is K2 harder than Everest?
Ans. Yes. K2 is much harder, challenging, and requires a lot of mountaineering skills to cover.
Q. Which mountain has never been climbed?
Ans. Gangkhar Puensum near the Bhutan china border remains unclimbed.
Q. Which is the steepest mountain in the world?
Ans. Mount Thor in Baffin Island, Canada is the steepest mountain in the world.